China Best Sales Professional Drive Shaft Cardan Shaft with High Performance for Rolling Mill

Product Description

Product Details
A coupling is a mechanical component that is used to firmly connect the driving shaft and driven shaft in different mechanisms together, rotate together, and transmit motion and torque. It is also sometimes used to connect shafts and other parts (e.g. gears, pulleys, etc.). It usually consists of 2 parts, which are connected by a key or clamping fit, respectively, and fastened at the 2 shaft ends. Couplings can compensate for deviations (including axial, radial, angular or combined offset) between 2 shafts due to inaccurate manufacturing and installation, deformation or thermal expansion during operation, as well as shock and vibration absorption. The most commonly used couplings have been standardized or normalized. In general, it is only necessary to select the type of coupling correctly and determine the type and size of the coupling. If necessary, check and calculate the carrying capacity of the vulnerable and weak links; When the rotational speed is high, it is necessary to check the centrifugal force on the outer edge and the deformation of the elastic element for balance detection.
Couplings are used to connect shafts in different mechanisms, mainly by rotation, thus transferring torque. Under the action of high-speed power, the coupling has the function of buffering and damping, and the coupling has good service life and working efficiency.

The function of the coupling:

a device that connects 2 shafts or shafts with rotating parts and rotates together in the process of transmitting motion and power and does not break away under normal circumstances. Sometimes, it is also used as a safety device to prevent the connected parts from bearing excessive loads and play the role of overload protection. The coupling is installed between the active side and the passive side of the power transmission, which plays the role of transferring torque, compensating the installation deviation between shafts, absorbing equipment vibration and buffering load impact. One of the functions of couplings is to absorb and compensate for deviations between shafts through their own deformation. The greater the elasticity, the stronger the ability to absorb the deviation; The less flexibility you have, the less ability you have to absorb deviations. In general, the deviation between the shaft and the shaft can be divided into the following 3 aspects: The connection between the coupling and the peripheral equipment is achieved by inserting the shaft of the device into the shaft hole of the coupling.
1. The role of the coupling is to connect the 2 shafts in different mechanisms (drive shaft and driven shaft) to rotate and transmit torque together, and some couplings also have the role of buffering, damping and improving the dynamic performance of the shafting.
2. Eliminate the inertia of the radial force, connect the motor spindle with the load, and use a coupling to weaken the starting power when the motor starts.
3. Power conduction, transmission of power and torque (improve the performance of the transmission system)
4. Different degrees of vibration reduction and buffering
5. Disconnect when the load is too large to play a protective role
6. Good for maintenance
7. Change the drive direction
8. Concentricity correction (different degrees of axial, radial and angular compensation performance)

The types of couplings

Bellows coupling
The bellows coupling is composed of 2 hubs and thin-walled bellows that are welded or bonded together. The input end of the coupling structure is a clamping structure, and the pre-tightening force is generated by clamping screws, and the power input shaft is firmly connected with the clamping hoop. Flexible and rigid stainless steel bellows have the ability to correct radial, axial and angular deviations, transmit torque with zero backlash, and have different bushings designed to meet different equipment requirements.

A plum coupling
Plum coupling is a widely used coupling, elastomer is a balance accessory, can zero back backlash transfer torque and shock absorption. The different types of elastomers determine the characteristics of the entire drive system. Zero back backlash is achieved through a pre-pressure between the 2 coupling bushing and the elastomer. Its elastomer is usually composed of engineering plastics or rubber. Because elastomers have the function of buffering and reducing vibration, they are widely used in the case of strong vibration.

Safety coupling
The safety coupling mainly relies on the spring force and works with the shape, which can protect the adjacent drive components from damage caused by overload. Divided into synchronous type, stepping type 60°, failure protection type, closed. Features of a special butterfly spring system. No torque transfer is possible until the torque control nut is linked to the butterfly spring to apply pressure. The service life of the safety coupling is largely determined by the speed at which the coupling is disengaged and the holding time of the coupling. The safety coupling is not worn when it is engaged, does not require maintenance, and does not require additional refueling.

Rigid coupling
The rigid coupling is actually a torsional rigid coupling. Even under load, there is no turning clearance. Even if there is a deviation that creates a load, the rigid coupling is still rigid to transmit torque. Rigid couplings need to be used to connect 2 shafts in strict alignment without relative misalignment, so they are used less in motor test systems. Of course, if the relative displacement can be successfully controlled (the alignment accuracy is high enough), rigid coupling can also play an excellent role in the application. In particular, the small size rigid coupling has the advantages of light weight, ultra-low inertia and high sensitivity. In practical applications, rigid couplings have the advantages of maintenance-free, ultra-oil resistance and corrosion resistance.

Long shaft coupling
The standard length of the long-shaft coupling is up to 6 meters, and no intermediate support is required. The 2 ends are connected by high-performance stainless steel or high-strength aluminum, and the middle pipe is made of different materials such as steel, aluminum or carbon fiber. The allowable deviation range, speed and torque of the standard model should be reduced by 30%. The allowable working speed depends on the total length of the joint shaft and can also be adjusted according to demand.

Diaphragm coupling
Diaphragm couplings transfer torque by friction and diaphragm assembly, so there are no stress concentrations, backbacklash and micro-displacement that occur when torque is transferred through shoulder bolts. It has a near unlimited service life and increases the torsional rigidity of the individual components of the complete coupling, which can compensate for a variety of combined shaft assembly errors as a percentage of the total allowable error value listed in the data sheet. The sum of the percentages of the 3 errors cannot exceed 100%.

 

 

Product Description

As a professional manufacturer for propeller shaft, we have +1000 items for all kinds of car, At present, our products are mainly sold in North America, Europe, Australia, South Korea, the Middle East and Southeast Asia and other regions, applicable models are European cars, American cars, Japanese and Korean cars, etc. /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Standard Or Nonstandard: Standard
Torque: >80N.M
Bore Diameter: According to Specific Drawings
Customization:
Available

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cardan shaft

How do cardan shafts ensure efficient power transfer while maintaining balance?

Cardan shafts are designed to ensure efficient power transfer while maintaining balance between the driving and driven components. They employ various mechanisms and features that contribute to both aspects. Let’s explore how cardan shafts achieve efficient power transfer and balance:

1. Universal Joints:

– Cardan shafts utilize universal joints, also known as U-joints, to transmit torque from the driving component to the driven component. Universal joints consist of a cross-shaped yoke with needle bearings at each end. These needle bearings allow the joints to pivot and accommodate angular misalignment between the driving and driven components. By allowing for flexibility in movement, universal joints ensure efficient power transfer even when the components are not perfectly aligned, minimizing energy losses and maintaining balance.

2. Misalignment Compensation:

– Cardan shafts are designed to compensate for misalignment between the driving and driven components. The universal joints, along with slip yokes and telescopic sections, allow the shaft to adjust its length and accommodate variations in alignment. This misalignment compensation capability ensures that the cardan shaft can transmit power smoothly and efficiently, reducing stress on the components and maintaining balance during operation.

3. Balanced Design:

– Cardan shafts are engineered with a balanced design to minimize vibration and maintain smooth operation. The shaft tubes are typically symmetrically constructed, and the universal joints are positioned to distribute the mass evenly. This balanced design helps to reduce vibration and minimize the occurrence of unbalanced forces that can negatively impact power transfer and overall system performance. By maintaining balance, cardan shafts contribute to efficient power transmission and improve the lifespan of the components involved.

4. High-Quality Materials and Manufacturing:

– The materials used in the construction of cardan shafts, such as steel or aluminum alloy, are carefully selected for their strength, durability, and ability to maintain balance. High-quality materials ensure that the shafts can withstand the torque and operational stresses without deformation or failure, promoting efficient power transfer. Additionally, precise manufacturing processes and quality control measures are employed to ensure that the cardan shafts are accurately balanced during production, further enhancing their efficiency and balance.

5. Regular Maintenance and Inspection:

– To ensure continued efficient power transfer and balance, regular maintenance and inspection of cardan shafts are essential. This includes periodic lubrication of the universal joints, checking for wear or damage, and addressing any misalignment issues. Regular maintenance helps to preserve the balance of the shaft and ensures optimal performance and longevity.

Overall, cardan shafts ensure efficient power transfer while maintaining balance through the use of universal joints for torque transmission, misalignment compensation mechanisms, balanced design, high-quality materials, and regular maintenance. By incorporating these features, cardan shafts contribute to the smooth operation, reliability, and longevity of various applications in automotive, industrial, and other sectors that rely on efficient power transmission.

cardan shaft

What safety precautions should be followed when working with cardan shafts?

Working with cardan shafts requires adherence to certain safety precautions to prevent accidents, injuries, and damage to equipment. Whether during installation, maintenance, or repair, it is essential to follow these safety guidelines:

1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

– Always wear appropriate personal protective equipment, including safety glasses, gloves, and protective clothing. PPE helps protect against potential hazards such as flying debris, sharp edges, or contact with lubricants or chemicals.

2. Training and Familiarity:

– Ensure that personnel working with cardan shafts are adequately trained and familiar with the equipment and procedures involved. They should understand the potential hazards, safe operating practices, and emergency procedures.

3. Lockout/Tagout Procedures:

– Before working on cardan shafts, follow proper lockout/tagout procedures to isolate and de-energize the equipment. This prevents accidental activation or movement of the shaft while maintenance or repair activities are being performed.

4. Secure the Equipment:

– Before starting any work on the cardan shaft, ensure that the equipment or vehicle is securely supported and immobilized. This prevents unexpected movement or rotation of the shaft, reducing the risk of entanglement or injury.

5. Ventilation:

– If working in enclosed spaces or areas with poor ventilation, ensure adequate ventilation or use appropriate respiratory protective equipment to avoid inhalation of harmful fumes, gases, or dust particles.

6. Proper Lifting Techniques:

– When handling heavy cardan shafts or components, use proper lifting techniques to avoid strains or injuries. Employ lifting equipment, such as cranes or hoists, where necessary, and ensure the load capacity is not exceeded.

7. Inspection and Maintenance:

– Regularly inspect the condition of the cardan shaft, including universal joints, slip yokes, and other components. Look for signs of wear, damage, or misalignment. Perform routine maintenance and lubrication as recommended by the manufacturer to ensure safe and efficient operation.

8. Avoid Exceeding Design Limits:

– Operate the cardan shaft within its specified design limits, including torque capacity, speed, and misalignment angles. Exceeding these limits can lead to premature wear, mechanical failure, and safety hazards.

9. Proper Disposal of Used Parts and Lubricants:

– Dispose of used parts, lubricants, and other waste materials in accordance with local regulations and environmental best practices. Follow proper disposal procedures to prevent pollution and potential harm to the environment.

10. Emergency Response:

– Be familiar with emergency response procedures, including first aid, fire prevention, and evacuation plans. Maintain access to emergency contact information and necessary safety equipment, such as fire extinguishers, in the vicinity of the work area.

It is important to note that the above safety precautions serve as general guidelines. Always refer to specific safety guidelines provided by the manufacturer of the cardan shaft or equipment for any additional precautions or recommendations.

By following these safety precautions, individuals working with cardan shafts can minimize the risks associated with their operation and ensure a safe working environment.

cardan shaft

Can you explain the components and structure of a cardan shaft system?

A cardan shaft system, also known as a propeller shaft or drive shaft, consists of several components that work together to transmit torque and rotational power between non-aligned components. The structure of a cardan shaft system typically includes the following components:

1. Shaft Tubes:

– The shaft tubes are the main structural elements of a cardan shaft system. They are cylindrical tubes made of durable and high-strength materials such as steel or aluminum alloy. The shaft tubes provide the backbone of the system and are responsible for transmitting torque and rotational power. They are designed to withstand high loads and torsional forces without deformation or failure.

2. Universal Joints:

– Universal joints, also known as U-joints or Cardan joints, are crucial components of a cardan shaft system. They are used to connect and articulate the shaft tubes, allowing for angular misalignment between the driving and driven components. Universal joints consist of a cross-shaped yoke with needle bearings at each end. The yoke connects the shaft tubes, while the needle bearings enable the rotational motion and flexibility required for misalignment compensation. Universal joints allow the cardan shaft system to transmit torque even when the driving and driven components are not perfectly aligned.

3. Slip Yokes:

– Slip yokes are components used in cardan shaft systems that can accommodate axial misalignment. They are typically located at one or both ends of the shaft tubes and provide a sliding connection between the shaft and the driving or driven component. Slip yokes allow the shaft to adjust its length and compensate for changes in the distance between the components. This feature is particularly useful in applications where the distance between the driving and driven components can vary, such as vehicles with adjustable wheelbases or machinery with variable attachment points.

4. Flanges and Yokes:

– Flanges and yokes are used to connect the cardan shaft system to the driving and driven components. Flanges are typically bolted or welded to the ends of the shaft tubes and provide a secure connection point. They have a flange face with bolt holes that align with the corresponding flange on the driving or driven component. Yokes, on the other hand, are cross-shaped components that connect the universal joints to the flanges. They have holes or grooves that accommodate the needle bearings of the universal joints, allowing for rotational motion and torque transfer.

5. Balancing Weights:

– Balancing weights are used to balance the cardan shaft system and minimize vibrations. As the shaft rotates, imbalances in the mass distribution can lead to vibrations, noise, and reduced performance. Balancing weights are strategically placed along the shaft tubes to counterbalance these imbalances. They redistribute the mass, ensuring that the rotational components of the cardan shaft system are properly balanced. Proper balancing improves stability, reduces wear on bearings and other components, and enhances the overall performance and lifespan of the shaft system.

6. Safety Features:

– Some cardan shaft systems incorporate safety features to protect against mechanical failures. For example, protective guards or shielding may be installed to prevent contact with rotating components, reducing the risk of accidents or injuries. In applications where excessive forces or torques can occur, cardan shaft systems may include safety mechanisms such as shear pins or torque limiters. These features are designed to protect the shaft and other components from damage by shearing or disengaging in case of overload or excessive torque.

In summary, a cardan shaft system consists of shaft tubes, universal joints, slip yokes, flanges, and yokes, as well as balancing weights and safety features. These components work together to transmit torque and rotational power between non-aligned components, allowing for angular and axial misalignment compensation. The structure and components of a cardan shaft system are carefully designed to ensure efficient power transmission, flexibility, durability, and safety in various applications.

China Best Sales Professional Drive Shaft Cardan Shaft with High Performance for Rolling Mill  China Best Sales Professional Drive Shaft Cardan Shaft with High Performance for Rolling Mill
editor by CX 2024-05-13